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About Hiroshima The International City of Peace and Culture: Resolute Postwar Advancement

Distant view of Hiroshima City


Hiroshima is a scenic prefecture bordered by the Chugoku Mountains to the north and the Seto Inland Sea to the south. The Shimanami Kaido Cycling Route linking Hiroshima Prefecture with the island of Shikoku is particularly noted internationally for its beautiful scenery. While agriculture and fishing thrive in the mild climate facing the Seto Inland Sea, a wide range of commercial fields, from heavy industries including automobiles and steel to cutting-edge enterprises such as electronic components, have developed throughout the prefecture to produce innumerable world-class companies.

The Summit host city of Hiroshima is an ordinance-designated city, giving it many prefectural level functions, and ranks as the largest metropolitan area in the Chugoku and Shikoku regions with its population of about 1.2 million. It is globally recognized not only as a city of peace, but also as an urban tourist destination blessed with mountains, rivers, and the sea. In 2018, prior to the COVID-19 outbreak, the city of Hiroshima alone received approximately 1.78 million overseas visitors, with Hiroshima Prefecture as a whole welcoming 2.75 million. Many come to see two important designated World Heritage Sites: The Atomic Bomb Dome, which speaks to the horror of nuclear weapons, located in downtown Hiroshima, and Itsukushima Shrine, an example of medieval Japanese architecture, which lies in the suburbs.

Hiroshima enjoys a long history, leveraging water transportation to develop as a seaside castle town following the construction of Hiroshima Castle by feudal lord MORI Terumoto in 1589.
The metropolis became identified as a military city once Hiroshima Garrison was established after the Meiji Restoration, a role which gained importance as the Pacific War intensified.
Under those circumstances, the city was devastated by a single atomic bomb on August 6, 1945, recovering remarkably thanks to the exertion of those who surmounted the ravages of war, and to domestic and international support.

Atomic Bomb Dome area, Hiroshima City

Pivotal City Driving the CHUGOKU Regional Economy

Hiroshima is a strategic point linking Kansai and Kyushu, serving as a hub for business in the Chugoku region with its active flow of people and goods.

Industrially, the city produces diverse agricultural, forestry, and fishery products and is known for its highly skilled manufacturing, widely known as monozukuri. One notable field is oyster farming, which leverages Hiroshima’s geographic advantages. The Ota River which runs through the city delivers rich nutrients to Hiroshima Bay, yielding firm, rich oysters.

Other industries requiring advanced technical capability have also settled in the area, such as the food manufacturing and automobile industries, both of which flourish domestically and internationally. In 2019, Hiroshima Prefecture’s manufactured product shipment value ranked 11th nationwide at 9,741.5 billion yen, with Hiroshima City’s share accounting for 31% of the total.

Kure Steel Works as seen from Hiroshima Castle and Ondo Seto Park in autumn

What the Locals Love About HIROSHIMA

Food Culture

Hiroshima Prefecture boasts a wide variety of local food such as okonomiyaki, anago-meshi (conger eel rice), and momiji manju (a maple leaf-shaped confection filled with red bean paste). However, oysters reign over these, accounting for 60% of Japan’s (farmed) production, placing Hiroshima first in Japan both in production and consumption. Oysters from Hiroshima Prefecture are large and have a concentrated umami flavor.

The area is also famed for its distinctive spicy noodle dishes, such as Kure cold noodles topped with vinegar mustard and the ultra-spicy Hiroshima tsukemen, or dipped noodles. “Shirunashi tantanmen” (literally: soupless Tan Tan noodles), an adaptation of authentic Chinese Tan Tan noodles, is a Hiroshima delicacy which has spread nationwide.

Fresh oysters and Hiroshima-style okonomiyaki


Hiroshima Prefecture is known as one of Japan’s three major sake brewing areas, along with Nada in Hyogo Prefecture and Fushimi in Kyoto Prefecture. While sake is produced throughout the prefecture, the Saijo area of Higashihiroshima City is a notable standout. Although Hiroshima is known for an abundance of the soft water reputedly unsuitable for sake, the unique local “soft-water brewing method” produces a mellow sake which leverages the regional water’s characteristic.

Sake poured from a sake bottle
Takehara townscape and spring water

Hometown Spirit

Hiroshima is known for its strong hometown spirit among people of all ages. Locals are proud of their natural environment, which blends city with nature and yields the blessing of delicious regional products.
Locally-based professional sports teams such as the Hiroshima Toyo Carp (baseball), Sanfrecce Hiroshima (soccer), and Hiroshima Dragonflies (basketball), are known for their passionate fans. Sports fever is expected to intensify with the opening of Hiroshima City’s new soccer stadium in 2024.

Carp fans at Hiroshima Municipal Stadium
Hiroshima Electric Railway Carp Train and Carp Fans


Hatchobori, Nagaregawa-cho, and Kamiya-cho are a few of the bustling neighborhoods in downtown Hiroshima City where young people gather to shop and dine.
Hiroshima’s own apparel brands, specialty boutiques, and artists contribute to Hiroshima’s localatmosphere generating a unique street culture. Popular musicians such as Eikichi Yazawa and Tamio Okuda hail from Hiroshima, as does Perfume, a pop group with a universal following.

Aioi Street, Kamiyacho direction as seen from Hatchobori intersection
Streetscape of the Hondori Shopping Street in Hiroshima City


Hiroshima Prefecture

8479.22sq. km.

Hiroshima City

906.69sq. km.

*The population figures are current as of August 1, 2022; figures denoting area are current as of April 2022.
*Figures expressing land area were taken from the Geospatial Information Authority of Japan homepage.

Map of Hiroshima Prefecture and Hiroshima City

Interview Series Our Life, Our Hiroshima

Interview Series Our Life, Our Hiroshima

The video "Our Life, Our Hiroshima (G7 Hiroshima Summit 2023)" is now available with subtitles in French, German and Italian in addition to the original English version.

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